Platinum wire electrodes are commonly used to apply voltage to a fluidic channel. Although the approach is relatively simple, proper preparation of the electrode is very important to prevent field concentrations in the channels. Field concentrations can cause a multitude of problems, including bubble formation, cell lysing, localized heating, chemical reactions, and clogging of channels.
Abstract For domestic and military security, an autonomous system capable of continuously monitoring for airborne biothreat agents is necessary. At present, no system meets the requirements for size, speed, sensitivity, and selectivity to warn against and lead to the prevention of infection in field settings. We present a fully automated system for the detection of … Read more